Signals Intelligence Stations (Funkmess-Beobachtungs Stellungen).




October 1944 - May 1945







Some Funkaufklärungs Stelle in France, Germany and The Netherlands.

    Maps 1942 - mid 1944.    
Maps mid 1944 - MAY 1945.
    List as of 01 MAR 1945 (some locations unknown).    
  This is a list of the Stellungen depicted in slide two on the map above. It is mainly intended to show the equipment provided to the Stellungen, but also to show the many Stellungen with an unknown location.  
  Some Funkaufklärungs and Stör Stelle in France.  

Funkaufklärungs and Stör Stelle in Norway.  (1)

  (1)  If you study the above map carefully you'll come across a system called FuMB E or F.  This was a system intended to intercept and track the Rebecca interrogator. Throughout most of the war the allies flew supply drop missions to the resistance movement in the occupied countries.  From a navigational point of view this was mildly put a challenge.  The average RAF BC crew could hardly navigate to a major German town - hence all the nav-aids and the PFF - now they were tasked to fly for maybe 4 hours and find a specific field in a country with complete black-out.  The Special Operations Executive had the Eureka/Rebecca system designed to solve this problem.  EW - Eureka-Rebecca .  The system consisted of a beacon on the ground (Eureka) positioned in proximity of the drop zone.  The Rebecca would interrogate the Eureka, which would transmit response pulses, allowing the crew to home on the signal.  For good reasons the German were keen to track Rebecca transmitting aircraft, as this could give a fairly good idea of the location of the drop-zone.  Due to line of sight problems it was, however, not possible to locate the Eureka beacon.  

The Karl 2 Stelle in LIBELLE.  The presence of the Karl jammer in Norway was a minor mystery.  A modified Karl jammer could jam Oboe, but even at 35.000 ft an aircraft would be below the radar horizon of a site in the UK.  This was solved in FEB 2017.  A friend made me aware of the fact that In the autumn of 1944 Sweden took delivery of the first of 50 (sic) British radars of type AMES6 Mk III (designated ER3B in Sweden).  The first sets were airlifted into Bromma, where they in all probability were detected by German agents.  Another friend found a German document describing actions to be taken in January 1945 to detect the possible use of radar stations in Sweden for Oboe control.  In April 1945 five radar sites were established in western and southern Skåne.  These sites could be used for G-H control, but it is unknown if they ever were.  This explains the presence of Naxburg sites in Denmark.  Please see map below.

  In 2016 a picture was found of a Wotan II located just south of Frederikshavn.  I could be persuaded to believe, that this system was installed on that location in order to facilitate "precision" attacks against targets (radar sites?) in Sweden.  

The RV-Stellung associated with the Funkaufklärungs Stelle in Norway.


Funkaufklärungs Stelle in Denmark.


  The Funkaufklärungs Stelle in Denmark; the function of SPROTTE of 3/Funk.Aufkl.Abt (Mot) 357 is unknown.  Please note the new Stellung HIMBEERE the only one found to have been equipped with the Kormax.  This system was combined with the jammer Korona, which was used against the H2X.  






The RV-Stellung associated with the Funkaufklärungs Stelle in Denmark.

  The Korfu was uded to detect and track allied airborne radars. Please see below.  
      Korfu 68 (A) 3.75 - 5.0 Ghz FuMB 13    
      Korfu 46  (B) 5.0 - 7.5 Ghz FuMB 14    
      Korfu 1218 (C) 1.66 - 2.50 Ghz FuMB 12    
      Korfu 274 (D) 7.5 - 11.0 Ghz FuMB 15    
      Korfu 812 (E) 2.5 - 3.75 Ghz FuMB 11    
      Komax II 2.5 - 11 Ghz      

Signals Intelligence equipment operationally employed in Denmark.




Korfu 812, GEISSBLATT.

Korfu 274, STROHBLUME.





  Samos. Korfu 812. Korfu Zwilling in TAMARISKE.  




A pair of field deployed Naxburg in the Stellung MAIBAUM.

Naxburg on a SdAH 104.





Freya Flamme, LINDWURM.



  Display equipment.